Altruisme dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Plural (Studi Pemikiran Moral Nurcholish majid)

Imam Sutomo, 933005 (2008) Altruisme dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Plural (Studi Pemikiran Moral Nurcholish majid). PhD thesis, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

Nurcholish Madjid's (1939-2005) moral thoughts have not been much analyzed intensively. Two main points discussed in this study were that how the basic frame of Nurcholish Madjid's moral theory was seen from akhlak perspective and moral philosophy and how the formulation of Nurcholish Madjid's moral theory conceptualization about altruism was in Indonesian plural society's life. This literature study referred to Nurcholish Madjid's works as a primary source along with their analyses written by other writers regarding the object of study material. In data collection, the main elements as the instrument were the author of this study and the summary of descriptive data, that is, qualitative verbal data that the author had to give meanings to them. The hypothesis here was that Nurcholish Madjid was an altruism figure (a person who has concern and puts attention on others' interest and concern). By hermeneutic approach and data analyses (verstehen, interpretation, heuristics, and idealization), it was obtained that the findings of the study were as follows: First, Nurcholish Madjid's moral thought conceptualization from akhlak perspective (Islamic ethics) amalgamated religious morality and philosophical ethics that endeavored to dig out moral imperative which were derived from revelation and to seek for the basic justification argument of moral actions with reasoning. Seen from perspective of moral philosophy, Nurcholish Madjid's thoughts tended to be based on deontology theory, that is, an ethical perspective that one does an action regarding his rights and obligations. The value of an action is determined by testing the action seen from universal moral principles in a wider scope. Second, Nurcholish Madjid's moral thought formulation was that human beings as moral beings had to be consistent to struggle the values of universal humanity based on religion's fundamental values. Plurality as God's authority gave a meaning of the willingness of each individual to respect the others' existence on earth peacefully in order to compete in terms of goodness creation. Extreme altruism in the context of plural society's life was not in accordance with the demand of human existence so that Nurcholish Madjid's thoughts could be said as egaltruism (a combination of egalitarianism and altruism), that is, consideration that emphasizes equality both on oneself and on others in terms of actions or rules to help others in plural society's life even through sacrifice without losing self identity and dignity as a human being. This Study contribution specifically described Nurcholish Madjid's moral thought conceptualization that was relevant with the context of Indonesian plural society and brought a discourse of altruism morality as a trendsetter deserved to be developed in further studies.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information / Pembimbing: Promotor:Prof.Dr.H.Burhanuddin Daja
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atruism, Masyarakat plural, Pemikiran Nurcholish Madjid
Subjects: Ilmu Agama Islam
Divisions: ?? iais ??
Depositing User / Editor: Khairunisa Etikasari, SIP, MIP Pegawai
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2014 11:37
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2014 11:37
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/14319

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