ISLAM FUNDAMENTALIS DI PERGURUAN TINGGI UMUM (KASUS GERAKAN KEAGAMAAN MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA PALEMBANG)

KASINYO HARTO , NIM. 00.300.008/S3 (2008) ISLAM FUNDAMENTALIS DI PERGURUAN TINGGI UMUM (KASUS GERAKAN KEAGAMAAN MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA PALEMBANG). Doctoral thesis, UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI SUNAN KALIJAGA.

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Abstract

In the last two decades, students' religious activities in many universities, including Sriwijaya University (UNSRJ), had widely developed. This was an agreeable phenomenon, in one side, because it indicated the strengthening of students' religiosity although they were in the middle of a secular campus. However, the phenomenon was followed by the emergence of fundamental, and even extreme, movements. The fundamental tendency could be seen from their way of rejecting historical and hermeneutical point of view in understanding religious texts. In other words, they applied literal, textual, a-historical and rigid understanding of the Holy Book. They also tended to be exclusive and clearly separated themselves from other groups. In UNSRI, there were some religious movements such as Tarbiyah movement, Salafi movement, Jamaah Tabligh movement, and Hizbut Tahrir movement. The movements were quite competitive in UNSRI compared with other popular extracurricular organizations. The problems were: why those fundamental religious movements could grow and develop in UNSRI and what varieties of fundamental religious movements existed in this university? This research was conducted to answer those questions. The research applied the methods of interview, observation-participatory and documentation study. Intensive interviews were carried out to the activists of fundamental movements in UNSRI to obtain data related with the main problems of the study. Supported data were collected from interviews with religious, youth, and social prominent figures in the area surrounding the activists dwelling. Observation was performed to see their activities inside and outside the campus, particularly on their religious attitude related with social-religious activities. To get broader understanding, the research studied documentations and literature as well as the results of other research. The data analysis used qualitative approach. Through the approach, it was found that the epistemology of the activists were closely related with the development of fundamental movements in UNSRI. As most people knew, activists of Islamic fundamental movements in UNSRI mostly came from and dominated by exact faculties students (such as technical, MIPA, agronomy, pharmacy, and medical students). It appeared that the rigid way of thinking of the Islamic fundamentalists in understanding religious texts was in accordance with the epistemology applied in exact faculties. In general, the epistemologies of exact faculties were based on scientific logics of "black-white", "right-wrong", "faithful-faithless" and "legal-illegal." Therefore, students with the basis of physics tended to accept religious teachings (aqidah, ibadah, akhlak, syari'ah, muamalah) literally, as they accepted the law of physics. On the contrary, students from social and humanitarian faculties experienced quite an opposite point of view because they never knew similar types of law. The issues of Islam kaffah, khilafah, jihad, purification of aqidah, din wa daulah, and khuruj fisabilillah were the dominating topics of the movements, with the tendencies to use normative-doctrinaire approach in their religious studies. The approach was built on the foundation of religious norms (divine revelation) using top-down and deductive pattern without involving logical reasoning, historical and social context, and the reality of the present day life. Based on the mainstream of their way of thinking and the approach to religious studies, there were four types of religious thinking used by the fundamental movements in UNSRI. First was fundamental-radical thinking as applied by Hizbut Tahrir. Second was fundamental-literal as seen in Salafi movement. Third was fundamental-rational as in Tarbiyah movement, and the last was fundamental-rational as observed in Jamaah Tabligh movement. The research also revealed various determinant factors that shaped the pattern of those activists. The factors were family environment, education environment and the background of study, social crisis, the mentoring pattern of PAI teaching, the role of some lecturers and the understanding of the activists to religious doctrines and texts.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information / Pembimbing: Kata Kunci : Islam, Fundamental, Gerakan Keagamaan
Subjects: Ilmu Agama Islam
Divisions: Pascasarjana > Disertasi > Ilmu Agama Islam
Depositing User / Editor: Miftahul Ulum [IT Staff] ---- youtube : ulum virgo -------- Facebook : digilibuin
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2014 15:28
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2015 10:00
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/14568

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