PENAFSIRAN IMAM AL-QUSYAIRI DALAM KITAB TAFSIR LATAIF AL-ISYARAT (Studi tentang Metode Penafsiran dan Aplikasinya)

ABDUL MUNIR , NIM. 973089 (2009) PENAFSIRAN IMAM AL-QUSYAIRI DALAM KITAB TAFSIR LATAIF AL-ISYARAT (Studi tentang Metode Penafsiran dan Aplikasinya). Doctoral thesis, UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA.

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Abstract

The existence of different interpretation of al-Qur’an has been an undeniable historical reality. This notion might simply because the mufassirun (interpreters) hade different scientific and social backgrounds. As a resalt. There were numerous interpretation books with different interpretation styles and tendencies in the area of Qur’anic interpretation. One of the book was Lataif al-Isyarat by Imam al-Qusyairi. This interpretation book was apiece with tasawuf characters meaning almost all of the interpretation of the book are characterized by domination of tasawuf contents. In the history of Qur’anic interpretation, the book was the first Sufistic Interpretation Book in Islamic world that thoroughly interpret the verses of al Qur’an from the first surah al-Fatihah to the last surah al-Nas. Al-Qusyairi’s interpretation methodologically relied more on the esoteric meanings (isyarah) consisting in the exoteric meanings (zahir) of the text. Al-Qusyairi, however, did not put the exoteric meaning asides. Rather, he compromised the two types of meanings in his interpretations. There was a methodoligal problem in al-Qusyairi’ is interpretations because he based on esoteric meaning stating no relationship with the literal one in the application of his interpretations of some verses such as his interpretations of verse 15 of surat al-Nahl, verse 61 surat al-Naml, verse 47 of surat al-Kahfi and Hijaiyyah alphabets in the beginning of some surats. Starting from various interpretations of al-Qusyairi above, the basic problems are formulated in this dissertation as follows: (1) The interpretation method used in al-Qusyairi’s Lataif al-Isyarat, (2) The method applied in Lataif al-Isyarat, (3) Consistent of al-Qusyairi in applying his interpretation method in Lataif al-Isyarat. This research is a textbook study with the following research steps: First, Inventory, i.e., reading thoroughly the work of al-Qusyairi to be studied and his other masterpieces as well as the work of others related to the present study. Second, critical evaluation, i.e., presenting the experts comments on the interpretation method of the book. Third, formulating conclutions about the interpretation method used by al-Qusyairi and his application in the book. Some of the findings of the study are presented as follows: (1) the interpretation method used by al-Qusyairi was tahlili method in the form of tafsir bi al-ra’y with tasawuf character, (2) in general al-Qusyairi applied his method relating the esoteric meanings of the text (isyarah) with the exoteric meaning of the text (zahir) and some time taking the riwayah into consideration, (3) a number of interpretations werw found to be based on the esoteric meanings only without regarding the exoteric one, such as the interpretations of verse 15 of surat al-Nahl, verse 61 of surat al-Naml and verse 45 of surat al_kahf. The same caseas was found in the interpretation of a number of Hijaiyyah alphabets in the beginning of some surats. In such cases, al-Qusyairi was found to be inconsistent in applying his interpretation method because the esoteric meanings he presented hase nothing to do with the exoteric one containing in the text. The findings suggest that the existence of interpretation book af al-Qusyairi, Lataif al-Isyarat, be considered as an additional masterpiece of the interpretation of al-Qur’an with tasawuf characters. This is so because the number of interpretation book with tasawuf characters was much smaller than the number of the interpretation book with other characters. Therefore, the presence of this book could contributes significant roles to the development of the dynamic of interpretation of al-Qur’an, especially the ones with tasawuf characters. However, there should be carefulness and critical and wise attitudes in reading this interpretation book as well as other sufistic interpretation books, so that we do not easly judge an interpretation books, so that we do not easly judge an interpretation of al-Qur’an to be deceiving. Doing so, we could proportionally put in its place al-Qusyairi interpretation book and other sufistic Interpretation books in general.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information / Pembimbing: Promotor : Prof. Dr. H. Nashruddin Baidan, M.A
Uncontrolled Keywords: Penafsiran, aplikasinya
Subjects: Ilmu Agama Islam
Divisions: Pascasarjana > Disertasi > Ilmu Agama Islam
Depositing User / Editor: H. Zaenal Arifin, S.Sos.I., S.IPI.
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2014 08:57
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2015 03:28
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/15192

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