TAFSIR FEMINIS (Studi pemikiran Amina Wadud dan Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd)

Ahmad Baidowi , NIM. 01.300.005 (2009) TAFSIR FEMINIS (Studi pemikiran Amina Wadud dan Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd). Doctoral thesis, Pasca Sarjana.

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Abstract

Commentary on al-Qur’an has been developing tremendously and dynamically along with the social change. Feminist commentary is the most current commentary of al-Qur’an that is pioneered by the feminist Moslems. This feminist commentary of al-Qur’an emerges as an appreciation of equality of gender values in the al-Quran and an application to the current world. For feminist Moslems, al-Qur’an has originally appreciated the equality of man and woman. However, literal commentaries that are developed by conservative mufassir (exegetist) are considered as supporting the vision of patriarchy instead of voicing gender equality. The combination of al-Qur’an studies and feminism study results in hermeneutic feminism. The way feminist Moslems interpret al-Qur’an differs from that of the conservative exegetists. Amina Wadud and Nasr Hamid Abu- Zaid, who clearly interpret al-Qur’an from the point of view of feminism, show this difference. This dissertation is aimed at revealing the thoughts of those two moslem feminists in understanding al-Qur’an. The aim of this dissertation is to explain the thoughts of AminaWadud and Nasr Hdmid Abu Zaid in relation to several issues: (1) the substance of Al-Qur’an commentary; (2) the principles and methods of interpretation that they adopt in understanding Al-Qur’an concerning gender issues; and (3) the implication of their thoughts in studying the Qur’an. In explaining the thoughts of both moslem feminists, a hermeneutic philosophy approach is employed to reveal their philosophical assumptions on feminist commentary. In line with this, hermeneutic theory of Paul Ricoeur that sees text commentary through two ways (explanation and understanding) is used. According to Ricoeur, reading a text means contextualizing the text by opening self to the text extensive meanings before them. This contextualization, accordingly, could be done through these two steps. This dissertation shows that Amina Wadud and Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid understand commentary not as explanations of al-Qur’an texts as commonly found in traditional commentary. Both of them try to understand the commentary in order to relate al-Qur’an texts with contemporary reality and current problems to find solutions that are based on the Quran. Therefore, their commentaries tend to reflect hermeneutic principles in understanding Quranic verses, particularly the verses concerning gender issues that are the focus of this dissertation. In relation with the feminist commentary theme of this dissertation, Amina Wadud and Nasr Hamid Abil Zaid propose appropriate commentary principles to understand al-Qur’an that views gender equality fairly. Both agree with depatriarchalization, the Quranic spirit of woman liberation and hierarchical-Qur’anic texts related to gender issues. However, the Quranic commentary principles that put forth women’s experiences and perspectives as well as women as interpreter of Al-Qur’an introduced by Amina Wadud are rejected by Abu Zaid. In addition, they agree that to obtain contextual commentary one needs to consider the steps of explanation and understanding as suggested by Paul Ricoeur. While explanations are used to obtain objective meanings of the texts that will be interpreted, understanding is used to relate texts with the contexts in finding the ideal-moral values. This, accordingly, will reveal the significance and relationship to current contexts that will result in vision of contextual commentary of gender equality. To some extent, the thoughts of Amina Wadud and Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid on feminist commentary are relevant to the idea of human rights that are in line with critical discourse of patriarchic ideology. However, as new thoughts in Qur’an commentary, their commentary is subject to critics. In the field of Quranic study, this dissertation contributes knowledge in two ways. First, knowledge interconnection is inevitable to understand al-Qur’an. The thoughts of Amina Wadud and Nasr Fla-mid Abu- Zaid clearly show the interconnection. Second, new mazhab (stream thought) emerges in Qur’an commentary. In other words, study on Amina Wadud and Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid’s thoughts and commentary of gender-related verses of al-Qur’an prove the emergence of “feminist mazhab” in the field of mazahib al-tafsir. Interestingly, the feminist mazhab has not been revealed in previous studies of mazahib al-tafsir.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amina Wadud , Nasr Hamid Abu-Zaid
Subjects: Ilmu Agama Islam
Divisions: Pascasarjana > Disertasi > Ilmu Agama Islam
Depositing User / Editor: Dra. Irhamny
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2015 02:37
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2015 03:53
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/15302

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