GERAKAN SOSIAL MASYARAKAT BENGKULU ABAD XIX (PERAN ELITPOLITIK TRADISIONAL DAN ELIT AGAMA)

AGUS SETIYANTO, NIM. 1130017030 (2015) GERAKAN SOSIAL MASYARAKAT BENGKULU ABAD XIX (PERAN ELITPOLITIK TRADISIONAL DAN ELIT AGAMA). Doctoral thesis, UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA.

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Abstract

The general theme of studies on social movements in Indonesia in the nineteenth century is its struggle against the Dutch colonial government because by then the Dutch had ruled most territorries of the Dutch Indies, with the exception of Bengkulu. The Dutch only got Bengkulu region from Britain in 1825 as a consequence of the Treaty of London (March 17, 1824). Therefore, this dissertation addresses the social movements in the period of both the British and Dutch colonial in the nineteenth century. This study has the main objectives, which are mapping events of the social movements that occurred in the nineteenth century Bengkulu; revealing the contributing factors; and explaining the motivation and the role of the traditional political and the religious elite involved in social movements, factors leading to the social movements in the nineteenth Bengkulu, and their impacts on the indigenous people. The method used in this study is a historical research method consisting of four steps, namely heuristic step (collection of data/historical sources), criticism (data screening), analysis (data interpretation), and writing (historiography). This study combines the social movement theories of collective behavior formulated by J.Neil Smelser, and contentious politics by Doug McAdam, Sidney Tarrow, and Charles Tilly consisting of political opportunity structure and mobilization structure. This research mapped five events of social movements that occurred in the nineteenth century Bengkulu society, namely the Bukit Palik event (1807), Tabat Mono event (June 1835), Seluma event (June 1835), Tanjung Terdana event (April 1873), and Bintunan event (September 1873). The causes consisted of six determinants: 1. social inequality in the lives of the indigenous people, 2. social tensions within the indigenous communities as a result of the colonial policies, 3. the spread of unsettling rumors believed by the indigenous people, 4. triggers that confirmed the suspicion and anxiety of the indigenous community, 5. mass mobilization for actions driven by the traditional political and the religious elite, 6. the social control system that opened the possibility of collective behavior. The motivation of the traditional political and the religious elite involved in the social movements in the nineteenth century Bengkulu was closely related to issues of injustice, tyranny, oppression and despotism committed by both the British and the Dutch colonial governement. This study also charted four roles of the traditional political and the religious elite in social movements, namely: 1. spreader common belief, 2. mobilizer the masses to action, 3. agents of alliance with other groups, and 4. direct executioners. The post social movement caused adverse effects for the life of the traditional political elite, the religious elite, as well as the indigenous people.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information / Pembimbing: Prof.Dr.H.Dudung Abdurahman, M.Hum
Uncontrolled Keywords: social movements, the traditional political elite, the religious elite
Subjects: Studi Islam
Divisions: Pascasarjana > Disertasi > Study Islam
Depositing User / Editor: Miftahul Ulum [IT Staff] ---- youtube : ulum virgo -------- Facebook : digilibuin
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2015 03:00
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2015 03:00
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/17655

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