THE PORTRAYAL OF TOTALITARIANISM IN GEORGE ORWELL’S ANIMAL FARM

FUAD KHOIRUL UMAM, NIM. 12150014 (2016) THE PORTRAYAL OF TOTALITARIANISM IN GEORGE ORWELL’S ANIMAL FARM. Skripsi thesis, UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Animal Farm uses allegory, fable, and satire as language style. This novel uses animal characters to satirize the revolution and totalitarianism in Russia. Commonly, satire novel is dominated by human character such as Gulliver‘s travel by Jonathan Swift, Candide by Voltaire. However it is different, in Animal Farm the character is dominated by animal character. It is interesting to be studied, how the animal characters portray the totalitarianism in Animal Farm. Moreover, this research uses qualitative method of research and uses library research. The researcher uses Roland Barthes Semiotics theory and Totalitarianism theory to reveal the meaning of character in Animal Farm. The researcher analyzes Animal Farm as the object and the round character as the data of the research. Each round character such as Old Major, Napoleon, Snowball, Squealer, Benjamin, and Boxer will analyze with those theories. As a result, Old Major, Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer are depicted as pig which has the greedy, unclean characterization. Then, Boxer as horse is depicted has strong and freedom characterization. Benjamin as donkey is depicted has ignorance and stubborn characterization. Besides, each characterization represents the characteristic of totalitarianism, such as Old Major represents as spreader of animalism ideology, Napoleon as dictator leader, Snowball as the victim of system terror Napoleon, Squealer as the press manipulation, Boxer as the slave that pro government and Benjamin as the slave that contra-government. Keyword: Semiotics, Totalitarianism, Round character, Animal Farm ABSTRAK Animal Farm menggunakan alegori, fabel dan satir sebagai gaya bahasa. Novel ini menggunakan karakter hewan untuk mensatirkan revolusi di Rusia. Pada umumnya novel satir didominasi oleh karakter manusia seperti Gulliver‘s travel oleh Jonathan Swift, Candide oleh Voltaire. Tetapi, didalam novel Animal Farm karakternya lebih didominasi oleh hewan. Hal ini menarik untuk dikaji, bagaimana karakter hewan menggambarkan totaliterisme di dalam Animal Farm. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan menggunakan metode penelitian pustaka. Penelitian menggunakan metode semiotika Roland Barthes dan teori totalitarianisme untuk mengungkap arti karakter dalam Animal Farm. Peneliti menjadikan Animal Farm sebagai objek analisa dan Round Character sebagai data penelitian. Setiap karakter seperti Old Major, Napoleon, Snowball, Squealer, Benjamin dan Boxer akan dianalisa dengan kedua teori tersebut. Hasilnya, Old Major, Napoleon, Snowball, Squealer digambarkan sebagai babi yang memiliki sifat rakus dan tidak bersih. Lalu, Boxer yang digambarkan sebagai kuda memiliki sifat yang kuat dan bebas. Benjamin yang digambarkan sebagai keledai digambarkan bersifat acuh tak acuh dan keras kepala. Setiap karakter juga merepresentasikan karakteristik totalitarianisme seperti Old Major yang direpresentasikan sebagai penyebar ideologi animalisme, Napoleon sebagai pemimpin yang diktator, Snowball sebagai korban dari sistem teror Napoleon, Squealer sebagai media massa yang termanipulasi, Boxer sebagai buruh yang mendukung pemerintah dan Benjamin sebagai buruh yang anti-pemerintah. Kata Kunci: Semiotik, Totalitarianisme, Round Character, Animal Farm

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information / Pembimbing: Witriani, M. Hum.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Semiotics, Totalitarianism, Round character, Animal Farm, Semiotik, Totalitarianisme, Round Character, Animal Farm
Subjects: Sastra Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Adab dan Ilmu Budaya > Sastra Inggris (S1)
Depositing User / Editor: Sugeng Hariyanto, SIP (sugeng.hariyanto@uin-suka.ac.id)
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2016 02:09
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2016 02:09
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/21074

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