NOTES ON MADRASAH EDUCATION IN BANGLADESH

KARIM, M. ABDUL (2013) NOTES ON MADRASAH EDUCATION IN BANGLADESH. In: THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON EMPOWERING MADRASAH IN THE GLOBAL CONTEXT, 3 - 5 September 2013, JAKARTA.

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Abstract

South Asia or the more popularly known as India, is known since long ago as the country with a very old cultural heritage. When Islam came to this Indian Sub-continent, the community or the children of men there for thousands of years formed civilization. Social systems, religious teachings, the natural sciences, mathematics, astronomy, and others already rooted there very long time ago. 1 Islam at the beginning (at the time of Prophet Muhammad SAW) came to the subcontinent precisely on the Malabar Coast2 through cultural assimilation and then followed by military forces. Since Muhammad ibn Qasim, the commander of the Governor-General The East (ai-Masyriq), under Hajjaj ibn Yusuf during the Umayyad Caliph, ai-Walid T (705-715 AD) conquered western India , Pakistan precisely now, the people there with joy embraced Islam . Ibn Qasim's personality who applied the teachings of Islam with full of justice and humanity, became the main attraction for the people there to embrace Islam. In addition, the propagandist (da 'i) of Islam take an active role in shaping the Islamic society. Ibn Qasim ruled (711-715 AD) with the principle "from the people, by the people, and for the people." Institutions/educational communities and Islamic teachings which he applied in Sind and Punjab still rooted in Pakistan and some areas of India. The next period, the Muslims came to India repeatedly, such as Ghazni Dynasty, Ghuri, Delhi Sultanate, and the era of the Mughal Empire. Mughal Empire ended with British colonial presence. Then the people of India's independence from the British by becoming two countries, namely Pakistan and India. Further, East Pakistan broke away from West Pakistan which we now know as The People's Republic of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is one ofthe country formerly known as East Pakistan, later separated from the political center of West Pakistan in 1971 AD. This country is in contact with the other three sides of the state border that is India, Myanmar in the southeast, and the Bay of Bengal in the south. Its wide is equal to the islands of Java and Madura. In comparison, the land area of Bangladesh is the one fifteenth land area of the Republic' of Indonesia. The majority of the population is Sunni Muslim (90%, 19803 census, its population is now around 155 million people), Hanafi's school oriented and political system of democracy patterned parliamentary system. Long before the present of Islam brought by the Prophet Muhammad, the Indian sub-continent has a harmonious relationship with the Arab traders who spread Islam while trading. This is in accordance with the words of the Prophet: "Convey you [the teachings of Islam] even if one verse."4 With the motto and the teachings of Islam, the Arab traders Islamize the population ofKadangalar, Malabar Coast. As already mentioned above, further development of Islam formally occurs when Commander Muhammad ibn Qasim conquered the kingdom of Raja Dahir, a famous tyrant king, and occurs between the upper caste hegemony with a low caste. There is also a lack of harmonious relations between Arab and India, as the Persian king Raja Dahir assist in the war between the army in Khurasan Caliph Uthman ibn A ffan by the Persians. The next era, Dahir even protect dissidents Umayyad Caliphate.5 In addition, hijack Saudi ship coming from Jaziratul Yaqut ("Java"). Ibn Qasim managed to leave a good impression, that Islam is a religion of peace and there is no compulsion in religion. As a result, until now Muslims live in this region, although Muslims in India are now being minority (approximately 12-15% of the total population oflndia). The preacher of Islam teaches traditional religion, in the future this patterns of the traditional religious teaching became an embryo for the birth of madrasah education model.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Subjects: Artikel Dosen
Penelitian Dosen
Divisions: Penelitian
Depositing User / Editor: Miftahul Ulum [IT Staff] ---- youtube : ulum virgo -------- Facebook : digilibuin
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 09:05
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 09:05
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/23815

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