DIALECTICS OF ISLAM, POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN COUNTRIES: A Comparison of Indonesia and Thailand

Kusuma, Bayu Mitra Adhyatma (2015) DIALECTICS OF ISLAM, POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN COUNTRIES: A Comparison of Indonesia and Thailand. In: 6th Joint International Conference and Graduate Workshop on Islamic Studies Revisited: New Trends in the Study of Islam and Muslim Societies, October 27-30, 2015, Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

Generally, the religion including Islam has a considerable influence on the politics and governmental system in a country. But of course the role of Islam in politics and government will be different when Islam as the majority religion compared when Islam became a minority religion. It becomes interesting to be explored further, so as to see concrete evidence the authors determined to compare the influence of Islam in the politics and government in Indonesia and Thailand. The results of research showed that there is a significant imbalance between the role of Islam in Indonesia and Thailand for politics and government. In Indonesia since the struggle until independence era, the Muslim leaders and activists are aware that in order to improve the condition of the country, it takes a political struggle to deal with attempts to obtain power to influence government and public policy making. This can be evidenced by the existence of Islamic party and Islamic mass-based party from the first general election to date. In addition, at the level of government the role of Muslim activists and scholars are also greatly affected. Instead, in Thailand show that Islam has a small portion in politics and government. This is evidenced by the lack of political access and opportunity to participate in the governmental system. Even in a particular regime, Muslims get very discriminatory treatment. Like as in the administration of Prime Minister Phibul Songkhram and Thaksin Shinawatra. This condition is supported by the prevailing political system in Thailand, where the authority of the regime is absolute and inviolable. As an impact, insurgents groups in Thailand namely BRN and PULO continued to express special autonomy. With the special autonomy it is expected that the conflict in Southern Thailand will subside. This research uses qualitative research with descriptive analysis approach. Keywords: Islam, politics, government, Southeast Asian countries

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Islam, politics, government, Southeast Asian countries
Subjects: Studi Politik dan Pemerintahan dalam Islam
Divisions: Paper
Depositing User / Editor: Sugeng Hariyanto, SIP (sugeng.hariyanto@uin-suka.ac.id)
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2017 06:44
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 06:44
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/27182

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