BUDAYA MUSLIM PATTANI (INTEGRASI, KONFLIK DAN DINAMIKANYA)

Sodiqin, Ali (2016) BUDAYA MUSLIM PATTANI (INTEGRASI, KONFLIK DAN DINAMIKANYA). Ibda' : Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam, Vol.14 (No. 1). pp. 31-50. ISSN 1693 - 6736

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Abstract

The presence of Thai people in Pattani through annexation or conquest, from the Kingdom of Siam to Thailand have changed the sociocultural Muslim community. Thai Buddhist nation perform a lot of cultural assimilation of Malay Muslim Pattani. The assimilation pursued through politics, education, culture, and law. Political stripes do with the ideology developed, namely “nation, king, religion” that subjecting all citizens into one nationalism. Education path is done through standardized education policy, namely the obligation to teach the language and history of Thai and Buddhist teachings. Cultural path had taken through migration north to south and the formation of “peaceful village”. The last path is the law through legal intervention in the form of restrictions on the entry into force of Islamic law and the jurisdiction of Dato ‘Yuthithams, the elimination of Islamic justice as consolidated by the civilian justice and law enforcement Thai civilians in Pattani. This assimilation project met with resistance from Pattani Muslim community, as it is considered as an attempt to deculturate Malay Muslim culture that identifies them. The aim of this resistance is to get autonomy in Pattani province to the desire to become an independent state. Keywords: Muslim-Malay, Thai-Buddha, assimilation, resistance. Abstrak: Kehadiran bangsa Thai di Pattani melalui aneksasi atau penaklukan, mulai dari Kerajaan Siam hingga berganti menjadi Thailand, mengubah sosio-kultur masyarakat Muslim. Bangsa Thai yang beragama Buddha banyak melakukan asimilasi terhadap kebudayaan Muslim Melayu Pattani. Assimilasi tersebut ditempuh melalui jalur politik, pendidikan, budaya, dan hukum. Jalur politik dilakukan dengan mengembangkan ideologi “nation, king, religion” yang menundukkan semua warga negara ke dalam satu nasionalisme. Jalur pendidikan dilakukan melalui kebijakan standarisasi pendidikan, yaitu kewajiban mengajarkan bahasa dan sejarah Thai serta ajaran Buddha. Jalur budaya ditempuh melalui program migrasi penduduk utara ke selatan dan pembentukan “peaceful village”. Jalur terakhir adalah jalur hukum yang dilakukan melalui intervensi hukum berupa pembatasan berlakunya hukum Islam serta kewenangan Dato’ Yuthithams, penghapusan peradilan Islam karena disatukan dengan peradilan sipil dan pemberlakuan hukum sipil Thai di Pattani. Proyek asimilasi ini mendapatkan perlawanan dari masyarakat Muslim Pattani, karena dianggap sebagai upaya dekulturisasi kultur Melayu Muslim yang menjadi identitas mereka. Tujuan perlawanan ini adalah untuk mendapatkan otonomi di wilayah Pattani hingga keinginan untuk menjadi negara yang merdeka. Kata Kunci: muslim-melayu, thai-buddha, asimilasi, resistensi.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: muslim-melayu, thai-buddha, asimilasi, resistensi.
Subjects: Islam dan Budaya
Divisions: Artikel (Terbitan Luar UIN)
Depositing User / Editor: Sugeng Hariyanto, SIP (sugeng.hariyanto@uin-suka.ac.id)
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 04:14
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2017 04:14
URI: https://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id:80/id/eprint/27470

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