‘NOT A RELIGIOUS STATE’ A study of three Indonesian religious leaders on the relation of state and religion

Al Makin, . (2017) ‘NOT A RELIGIOUS STATE’ A study of three Indonesian religious leaders on the relation of state and religion. Indonesia and the Malay World. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1363-9811

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1080/13639811.2017.1380279

Abstract

This article explores the concept of a ‘secular state’ offered by three Indonesian religious leaders: a Catholic priest, Nicolaus Driyarkara (1913–1967), and two Muslim intellectuals who were also state officials, Mukti Ali (1923–2004) and Munawir Sjadzali (1925–2004). All three, who represented the immediate generation after the revolution for Indonesian independence from the Dutch (1945), defended the legitimacy of a secular state for Indonesia based on the state ideology Pancasila (Five Principles of Indonesia). In doing so, they argued that a religious state, for example an Islamic state, is incompatible with a plural nation that has diverse cultures, faiths, and ethnicities. The three also argued that the state should remain neutral about its citizens’ faith and should not be dominated by a single religion, i.e. Islam. Instead, the state is obliged to protect all religions embraced by Indonesians. This argument becomes a vital foundation in the establishment of Indonesia’s trajectory of unique ‘secularisation’. Whilst these three intellectuals opposed the idea of establishing a religious or Islamic state in Indonesia, it was not because they envisioned the decline of the role of religion in politics and the public domain but rather that they regarded religiosity in Indonesia as vital in nation building within a multi-religious society. In particular, the two Muslim leaders used religious legitimacy to sustain the New Order’s political stability, and harnessed state authority to modernise the Indonesian Islamic community.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Driyarkara; Mukti Ali; Munawir Sjadzali; Islam and Christianity; pluralism; secularisation
Subjects: Studi Politik dan Pemerintahan dalam Islam
Divisions: Artikel (Terbitan Luar UIN)
Depositing User / Editor: Sugeng Hariyanto, SIP (sugeng.hariyanto@uin-suka.ac.id)
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2017 08:49
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 08:49
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/28295

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