THE ADVENT OF ISLAM IN INDONESIA AND SOME PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE HISTORY OF THE EARLY MUSLIM PERIOD

N.A. BALOCH , (2008) THE ADVENT OF ISLAM IN INDONESIA AND SOME PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE HISTORY OF THE EARLY MUSLIM PERIOD. /Jurnal/Al-Jamiah/Al-Jamiah No. 22 Th. XV-1980/.

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02. N.A. BALOCH - THE ADVENT IF ISLAM IN INDONESIA AND SOME PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE HISTORY OF THE EARLY MUSLIM PERIOD.pdf - Accepted Version

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Abstract

The question often raised is: whether Islam came to Indonesia from Arabia, the subcontinent of India, or China? Firstly, it is not a question of ioi but iand/i: Muslims from these iand/i other countries, but more so from the different parts of the archipelago itself, contributed to the growth and development of Islam in what is now known as Indonesia. However, the /ifirst/i to bring Islam to the Indonesia shores, and further north to China were the early Arab Muslims. On the basic of availabel historical record, it would be reasonable to conclude that their intransit visits and temporary halts, first most probably on the coaslines of Sumatera, took place in the 1st century of Hijra (7th A.D.), while the more frequent and longer visits as well as permanent settlements came during the 2nd H./8th century A.D. These early visits and settlements which became more numerous with the passage of time, were the result of the expertise of Muslim navigators and sailors as well as the dynamism of Muslim merchants and traders who not only followed the ancient sea-trade route from the Middle East to China, but charted the coastlines more accurately and made voyages safer than before, so that within the first two centuries of Hijra this old sea route developed into an Ocean Highway for International trade and commerce. Historically, the process of Islam becoming the faith of most of the peoples of Malaysian/Indonesian regions, went through two main stages. The first stage consisted of the early contacts and initial introduction and acceptance of Islam mainly in the port towns and coastal belts. This was achieved during the long period of five centuries beginning from the 1 st A.H./7th A.d. century and extending to the 5th A.H./12th A.D. century. The second stage of more extensive propagation and universal acceptance of Islam, not only in the coastal belts but also into the interior, commenced form the 6th H./13th A.D. century. b

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Advent, Islam in Indonesia, Muslim Period
Subjects: Al Jamiah Jurnal
Divisions: E-Journal
Depositing User / Editor: Miftakhul Yazid Fuadi, SIP.
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2013 10:29
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2017 02:49
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/459

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