TAFSIR AL-MANAR ON INTERFAITH MARRIAGE (A Descriptive Analytical Study of Rasyid Rida's Interpretation)

WARDATUN NADHIROH, NIM. 07530074 (2011) TAFSIR AL-MANAR ON INTERFAITH MARRIAGE (A Descriptive Analytical Study of Rasyid Rida's Interpretation). Skripsi thesis, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

Many cases of interfaith marriage occurred in Indonesia. Among factors that caused it are complexity of races, cultures, ethnics, and religions in Indonesia. Each of these factors interacts between one another in everyday life of a community and indeed one kind of interactions is marriage. On the basis of the fact that the majority of Indonesian, however, is Muslim so it must be re-studied about Qur’anic verse of interfaith marriage. This thesis discusses about interfaith marriage through Rasyid Ridā’s perspective. His interpretation is always be utilized by many people to absolutely permit interfaith marriage. It is so interesting for being main object in the research. The reason for it is his Tafsir discusses more about socio-cultural problem. Certainly interfaith marriage constitutes a socio-cultural problem that must be solved. Some questions that are explored in this study are: Who are included into non-Muslim category according to Rasyīd Ridā’s thoughts about interfaith marriage context? What is the meaning of people of the Book in his understanding and why he did conclude that? What is Rasyīd Ridā’s fundamental idea about interfaith marriage based on his understanding of Qur’anic verses? Why did he think that? What is the relevance of his thought in Indonesian context? This research is a qualitative research with descriptive-analysis method. The research data were collected from Tafsīr al-Manār written by Rasyid Ridā as a source of primary data, and other relevant sources as secondary data. As for the method of analysis, this study uses the method of content analysis with philosophical hermeneutics approach. Non-Muslim category in the case of interfaith marriage includes Unbelievers, Polytheists, and People of the Book. Ridā agrees with the definition of majority about Unbelievers and Polytheists, but he believes that the People of the Book consist of Jews, Christians, Magians and Sabians, Hindu, Buddhism, Kong Hu Cu in the China, and Shinto. Ridā uses the criteria as to have the holy book and or follow one of the known Prophets, from Abrahamic religion or no in determining one religio-communal includes people of the Book category. He took the argument from Q 4: وَرُسُلًا قَدْ قَصَصْنَاهُمْ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَرُسُلًا لَمْ نَقْصُصْهُمْ عَلَيْكَ , 164 . It is suitable with his method of interpretation which interprets the verse with other verse. In other side, his thought seemed to be based on the context of his era where its community is so pluralist and consists of many people who believe many religions. His life experience certainly gave the impact on his interpretation. Ridā wants to emphasize his fundamental idea into two points. First, what should be done before marriage is choosing the companion from the religion, how he/she must be chastity before marriage, not unbelievers or fornicators, how his/her obedient to their religious doctrine, etc. Second, Ridā wants to describe the image of ideal household which is being same belief in the household for building the harmonious family. Although he stated that it has possibility to do interfaith marriage, but it is only the last choice because the same belief and faith between husband and wife itself cannot guarantee the unity of household, let alone the different belief and faith as many cases of interfaith marriage in Egypt had shown. In Indonesian context, Ridā’s concept about People of the Book must be responded in relation to the social condition of Indonesian people who are pluralistic society. Then, interfaith marriage that happened in Indonesia as impact of pluralistic society should be managed by Indonesian Law but in the fact, it is not admitted yet. Based on Ridā’s thought, interfaith marriage is actually legal theologically but when it is prohibited, certainly it is influenced by many external factors considering objective condition of the community. After all, Ridā handed back the decision to do interfaith marriage or to the actors. When the actors decide to do interfaith marriage, they should realize the impact from positive to negative things beforehand.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information / Pembimbing: Pembimbing: Khairullah Zikri, M.ASt Rel
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tafsir Al Manar
Subjects: Tafsir Hadist
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuludin dan Pemikiran Islam > Tafsir Hadist (S1)
Depositing User / Editor: Sugeng Hariyanto, SIP (sugeng.hariyanto@uin-suka.ac.id)
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2015 00:50
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2015 00:55
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/6480

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