REAKTUALISASI AJARAN ISLAM: Studi atas Pemikiran Hukum Munawir Sjadzali

YUNAHAR ILYAS, (2009) REAKTUALISASI AJARAN ISLAM: Studi atas Pemikiran Hukum Munawir Sjadzali. /Jurnal/Al-Jamiah/Al-Jamiah Vol. 44 No.1 Tahun 2006/.

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Referring to Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya and Abu Yusuf, Munawir Sjadzali says that it is necessary to make use of rational thought based on social context in reasoning and applying a legal rule. It is historical that Caliph Umar has practiced this principle in connection with the case of land loot. Instead of taking the land of Syrians as loot, the Caliph Umar took tax from the land owners and distributed the money for military. In another chance, Caliph Umar stopped giving zakah to muallaf group because there is no longer need to give them zakah in the current situation, different from what Prophet Muhammad and Caliph Abu Bakr have practiced. According to Sjadzali, there are a lot of Islamic legal issues to which an intensive attention and contextualization should be drawn, such as the law of inheritance, zakah for muallaf, bank interest, woman leadership, woman testimony, inter-religious marriage, non Muslim status, slavery, et cetera. The main idea of Sjadzalis thought is the necessity to take social and cultural context of the society into account at comprehending, and then concluding a legal decision from, Quranic verses concerning with social life, though this will led to not apply the extrinsic meaning of those verses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Munawir Sjadzali, re-actualization, social context
Subjects: Al Jamiah Jurnal
Divisions: E-Journal
Depositing User / Editor: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2013 15:52
Last Modified: 24 May 2013 20:57

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