GOVERNING HAJJ: Politics of Islamic Pilgrimage Services in Indonesia Prior to Reformasi Era

ICHWAN, MOCH. NUR (2009) GOVERNING HAJJ: Politics of Islamic Pilgrimage Services in Indonesia Prior to Reformasi Era. Al Jamiah, Vol.46 (No.1). ISSN 2338-557X

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Abstract

This article highlights that the h}ajj (Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca) involves not only religious devotion, but also religious tourism and its associated business, necessary to deal with massive parties of pilgrims, embracing trans-national relations, central and local governments, flight and other travel agencies, pilgrimage guidance units, catering agencies and hotels to the pilgrims themselves in its scope. The aim of this article is to analyse the politics of h}ajj services, which was carried out mainly through the placing of this pilgrimage under government control, leading to the assumption of its monopoly by the government during the New Order period. Although it will focus on Soeharto period, there will be some discussions on this subject during the colonial and early post-colonial periods to trace the genealogy of government control of h}ajj pilgrimage (and umrah, known also as small hajj), especially during the New Order. The author argues that the complexities of hajj (and umrah) services were not so much caused by religious aspect but rather by political and economic motives.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hajj, Umrah, Hajj service, politics, religious tourism
Subjects: Politik Islam
Divisions: Jurnal > 4. Al Jamiā€™ah
Depositing User / Editor: Miftakhul Yazid Fuadi, SIP.
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2013 14:02
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2017 08:04
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/760

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