THE MAIN CHARACTER’S PERSONALITY IN EDGAR ALLAN POE’S SHORT STORY “THE BLACK CAT”

CANDRA IRWANTO, NIM. 09150002 (2013) THE MAIN CHARACTER’S PERSONALITY IN EDGAR ALLAN POE’S SHORT STORY “THE BLACK CAT”. Skripsi thesis, UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA.

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Abstract

The main character’s personality in a literary work is central to the development of the story, and it is especially true of the main character in Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Black Cat.” He has good nature, but he lives in bad nurture that has turned him into a person with abnormal personality. This research is intended to more deeply analyze how the factors of nature and nurture build his personality and to elaborate the development of the main character’s personality based on Freud’s concept of id, ego, and superego. Thus, this research uses Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, and for the method, it applies qualitative research method. Based on the data analysis, it is found that the main character’s personality in “The Black Cat” is very complex. He inherits his parents’ personalities which are humane and docile (nature). However, he gets bad influences from the environment, such as his companions, his parents, his wife, but most importantly his pet: the black cat (nurture). Both factors are often in conflicts. The id and the superego often do not agree, and the main character’s personality is more dominated by the id than the superego. He used to treat all his pets very nicely, but after he learned about the supersitition of black cat, he respects black cats more while deep inside him, he was frightened and threatened by the presence of his black cats. It is his extreme fear that finally drives him to kill his black cats brutally. Also, he kills his wife because she does not believe in the superstition. In conclusion, he tends to behave according to his uncontrollable desire. Finally, his life becomes worse. Keywords: personality, nature and nurture, id, ego, and superego.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Subjects: Sastra Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Adab dan Ilmu Budaya > Sastra Inggris (S1)
Depositing User / Editor: Sugeng Hariyanto, SIP (sugeng.hariyanto@uin-suka.ac.id)
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2013 02:28
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2015 03:36
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/9508

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