THE PHILOSOPHY OF BHINNEKA TUNGGAL IKA IN THE INDONESIAN CONSTITUTION (SIYASAH DUSTURIYAH PERSPECTIVE)

Farisah Shabrina Mujahidah, NIM.: 15370071 (2021) THE PHILOSOPHY OF BHINNEKA TUNGGAL IKA IN THE INDONESIAN CONSTITUTION (SIYASAH DUSTURIYAH PERSPECTIVE). Skripsi thesis, UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA.

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Abstract

A constitution is an aggregation of basic principles and values, which becomes rules, that defines the nature and extent of the government. When looking into a country‟s constitution, we look at their philosophical value which unites the people together in one defining body (government). Therefore the studies of values in governance are key to understand the goals that the country tries to achieve in their national agenda. Bhinneka Tunggal Ika was not only used in the Majapahit era but also gain its significance in modern Indonesia. Making it timeless in its universality as a value of its people. The phrase Bhinneka Tunggal Ika is used as Indonesia's national motto through inscribes in the national symbol, Garuda Pancasila. And is also mentioned specifically in article 36A of the Constitution of Indonesia (Undang-Undang Dasar 1945). This phrase is a quotation from Old Javanese poem Kakawin Sutasoma, written by Mpu Tantular during the reign of the Majapahit Empire around 14th century, during the reign of King Rajasanagara, also known as Hayam Wuruk. Studying Kakawin Sutasoma's text is not only studying the past, but it is also a contemporary study in Indonesia Constitution. Therefore this research would like to look at Sutasoma and its significance to the constitution of Indonesia. And also how it was used in the Majapahit Era. Through studies of justice, law, legal, and also politics. The type of research used in this thesis is library research. This research is descriptive-analytical. The approach used is a conceptual approach (comparative approach) with the siyāsah dustūriyyah theory. Sources of data in this study are divided into 3 (three), namely: primary, secondary, and tertiary sources. This thesis's research conclusively shows that applying Bhinneka Tunggal Ika's constitutional value with all its aspects, including concepts and objectives, is in accordance and relevant to the principles contained in siyāsah dustūriyyah. Especially in the aspect of protecting equality in Islam, Musawah and Amar Makruf Nahi Mungkar.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information: Pembimbing : Dr. Ahmad Yani Anshori, M.Ag.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indonesia, Constitution, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika
Subjects: Jinayah Siyasah
Divisions: Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum > Siyasah (S1)
Depositing User: Muchti Nurhidaya /PPL
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2021 15:40
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2021 15:40
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/45117

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