PERGESERAN PEMIKIRAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM ANTAR GENERASI DI PONDOK PESANTREN MADRASAH WATHONIYAH ISLAMIYAH KEBARONGAN KECAMATAN KEMRANJEN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS TAHUN 1950 - 2012

M.Misbah, NIM.: 0931742 (2019) PERGESERAN PEMIKIRAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM ANTAR GENERASI DI PONDOK PESANTREN MADRASAH WATHONIYAH ISLAMIYAH KEBARONGAN KECAMATAN KEMRANJEN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS TAHUN 1950 - 2012. Doctoral thesis, UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA.

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Abstract

Changes in the national curriculum policy carried out by the government as a result of the modernization of education require the pesantren (Islamic boarding schools) to maintain the uniqueness of their character on the one hand and also have to adapt the curriculum in accordance with the policies on the other side. This dilemmatic condition encourages pesantren to make a paradigm shift and reconstruction of Islamic education thinking, including one that has happened at Pondok Pesantren Madrasah Wathoniyah Islamiyah (PPMWI) in Kebarongan of Kemumjen of Banyumas by reconstructing the curriculum and at the same time thinking of Islamic education in accordance with government demands and the necessity to preserve its distinctiveness, i.e., teaching the aqeedah which comes from the books of fathul majid and fiqh from the books of Fathul Qarib and Fiqh Sunnah. This study intended to reveal a shift in the thinking of intergenerational Islamic education at the PPMWI in 1950-2012. The purpose of this study was to describe the shifting thinking of Islamic education among generations, to map the paradigm of educational thinking of caregivers, to explore the dynamics of the curriculum used in PPMWI, and to describe the efforts of the Kyai in maintaining the existence of the pesantren. The main subjects in this study were the caregivers and chosen alumni from PPMWI. The data were analyzed using descriptive qualitative techniques that described input and data sources derived from interviews, observation, and documentation. The theory of educational thinking paradigms (Giroux and Aronowitz), constructivism learning theory (Jean Piaget) and genealogy theory of power (Michel Foucault) were employed for the theoretical framework. This study found that the shift in the thinking of Islamic education among generations at the PPMWI in 1950 to 2012 occurred due to changes and developments in the pesantren education system adapted to the prevailing national education system. These changes and adjustments were the response of each generation that led PPMWI having an agency in reflecting on the existing national education curriculum or system. The text understanding of the PPMWI caregivers textually, preservation of previous generation religious traditions with the prohibition of interpreting outside the text, perceptions of moral education (character training) as one of the significant aspects of schooling, and preservation of patterns and old social traditions were some indicators, referring to Giroux's theory and Aronowitz, that maintained stability. These indicators showed that the educational thinking paradigm that influenced the PPMWI caregivers on Islamic education was the conservative education paradigm. While in terms of the theory of the paradigm of Islamic education, this indicator led to the religious-rational paradigm (al-Diniy al-‘Aqlany) which assumed that all science had to be able to deliver its owner to the hereafter. Each generation of PPMWI produced a different curriculum discourse depending on the caregiver education paradigm and intellectual genealogy that conditioned their response to the government policy. Production of curriculum discourse in each generation at the same time gave birth to the production of power, i.e., that the existence of a new (modified) curriculum had to be applied at PPMWI. Therefore, every time there was a change in the National curriculum, the dynamics of the education curriculum was implemented at the PPMWI. The change in PPMWI's education curriculum took place in several phases: 1) the early post-independence era which emphasized the pesantren curriculum and added several general subjects in accordance with the national curriculum; 2) PPMWI education curriculum in New Order era; 3) PPMWI education curriculum in the era of reform; and 4) integrated curriculum known as the three in one curriculum that combined the pesantren curricula which still maintained a curriculum model applied at Madrassa Ibtidaiyyah (elementary schoold) and Tsanawiyah (middle school) in Cairo of Egypt), and the Ministry of Religion curriculum and the Ministry of National Education curriculum in one curriculum. Changes and adjustments to the curriculum were a form of curriculum compromise by the caregivers of PPMWI (actors as owners of power) to new discourses in order to safeguard the characteristics of PPMWI included in the local content curriculum. The preservation efforts of the existence of PPMWI Islamic boarding schools, especially the Islamic tradition of pesantren, were carried out by the Kyai or caregivers with the power of actors (caregivers) used as a determinant power in determining educational discourse in PPMWI. Two efforts made were, first, the recruitment of educators by prioritizing the PPMWI alumni and those who had completed their learning in the Middle East, so that intellectual traditions could be maintained, especially the purification of their monotheism and, second, the construction of intellectual networks with two network patterns, i.e., family and intellectual. Contribution to knowledge: Shifting of the thinking of Islamic education in pesantren is influenced by the paradigm of caregiver education and dominant discourse that develops in the world of education.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Pondok Pesantren, Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam, Dinamika Kurikulum Pendidikan Islam, PPMWI
Uncontrolled Keywords: Promotor: Prof. Dr. H. Maragustam, MA., dan Prof. Dr. H. Bermawy Munthe, MA
Subjects: Islam dan Pemikiran
Pendidikan Islam (Pesantren) > Pondok Pesantren
Divisions: Pascasarjana > Disertasi > Study Islam
Depositing User: Muh Khabib SIP.
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 10:29
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2022 10:29
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/51472

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