KEBIJAKAN POLITIK DAULAH RUSTAMIYYAH DI KAWASAN MAGRIB (160-296 H. / 776-909 M.)

AHMAD CHOIRUL ROFIQ , NIM. 09.34.703/S3 (2014) KEBIJAKAN POLITIK DAULAH RUSTAMIYYAH DI KAWASAN MAGRIB (160-296 H. / 776-909 M.). PhD thesis, UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI SUNAN KALIJAGA.

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Abstract

The Rustamids (160-296 AH / 776-909 AD) were Ibadite dynasty. They obtained significant achievements in the Maghreb. Most of the works have paid little attention to the development of Islamic civilization during the Rustamid government. This fact is very contrary to the study of Sunnite or Shi’ite dynasties. This work discusses the history of the Rustamid government in the Maghreb from its beginning until its downfall, its historical and ideological connection to the Ibadite sect, its policies related to succession of government, religious life, economic activity, and conflict resolution, as well as the factor underlay the implementation of the policies. This dissertation uses a historical method that is composed of topic selection, data collection, verification, interpretation, and historiography. The behavioral approach is used to analyse the political behavior of Rustamid government and to explain the factor of Rustamid policies. Besides, the religious approach is also applied to know the appropiateness of Rustamid policy to the Ibadite doctrine. Before ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn Rustam founded the Rustamid Dynasty the Ibadite sect had been preached in the Magrib. The Rustamids had historical and ideological connnection to the Ibadite sect. The Rustamids collapsed after the attack of the Fatimids. The Rustamid policy related to government succession was incompatible with the Ibadite doctrine, i.e. everyone who had certain criteria could be selected to be a leader of Muslims, without privilege of particular lineage or ethnicity. The succession was limited to the descendants of ‘Abd ar- Rahman ibn Rustam. There were many political factors that caused such succession. The policy related to religious life, economic activity, and conflict resolution had more ideological motives based on the Ibadite teaching that emphasized the moderate behaviour based on the principles of freedom, tolerance, justice, and optimal effort to avoid violence. After finishing the discussion on the governance of the Rustamids, their relation to the Ibadite sect, and their policy implementation, this dissertation can minimize the dominance of non-Kharijite Islamic historical writing that generally has less attention to political history of the Kharijites and their accomplishments.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: the Kharijites, the Ibadites, the Rustamids, policy, moderation
Subjects: Ilmu Agama Islam
Divisions: Pascasarjana > Disertasi > Ilmu Agama Islam
Depositing User / Editor: Miftahul Ulum, S.Kom ------- youtube : ulum virgo -------- Facebook : digilibuin
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2014 04:09
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2014 04:09
URI: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/14707

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